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中考英语之主动变被动

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发表于 7 天前 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  下面整理了《2019中考英语复习资料:主动变被动的基本方法》,供同学们参考。更多中考英语复习技巧也可关注下北京新东方优能中学的中考英语课程,相信可以帮助到大家。
  主动变被动的基本方法:(说起来容易,掌握起来需要用心!)
  (1)主动语态中的宾语变为被动语态的主语。
  (2)谓语动词变为由“be + 过去分词”的形式,配合时态作相应变化。
  (3)主动语态主语置于介词 by之后,如无必需,则省略。
  (4)不及物动词没有被动语态。
  现 在 do (does) →am /is / are + done
  We keep the piano in the living-room.
  →The piano is kept in the living-room.
  过 去 did→was / were +done
  They built the bridge in 1980.
  →The bridge was built in 1980.
  将 来 will/shall do →will/shall + be + done
  He will read the book tomorrow.
  →The book will be read tomorrow.
  现在完成 have/has done →have/has + been + done
  We have delivered the newspaper.
  →The newspapers have been delivered (by us).
  过去完成 had done → hadbeen done
  She had seen the film before she came here.
  →The film had been seen before she came here.
  将来完成 will/shall have done → will/shall have + been + done
  By the end of this term we shall havefinished 80 texts.
  →By the end of this term 80 texts will havebeen finished.
  现在进行 am/is/are doing → am/is/are + being + done
  They are drawing the picture.
  →The picture is being drawn by them.</p>
  过去进行 was/were doing →was/were + being + done
  He was reviewing their lessons at this momentyesterday.
  →Their lessons were being reviewed at thismoment yesterday.
  情态动词 may may
  can can
  must must
  should do → should +be + done
  ought to ought to
  used to used to
  You must write an article on the subject.
  →An article must be written on the subject.
  测试精编
  1. Since the first space mission, many communication satellites ________.
  A. was launched B. are launched C. have beenlaunched D. had been launched
  2. What kind of advice ________ you?
  A. has gave B. was gave C. had been given toD. has given
  3. The slave ________ from morning tillnight.
  A. madeto work B. was made working C. wasmade worked D. was made to work
  4. The construction of the laboratory________ by the end of July.
  A. must be completing B. must complete
  C. must have completed D. must have beencompleted
  5. Your proposal ________ by the committeesoon.
  A. is discussed B. has been discussed
  C. is going to be discussed D. will have beendiscussed
  KEYS
  1. C 2. C 3. D 4. D 5. C
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